1- Stop all effort
The pursuit of the effort will promote the contraction of the muscle so obviously will increase the intensity and duration of cramps.
2- Sit or lie down and stretch the contracted muscle
you will allow the muscle to be at rest and serenely promote the end of contractions. For example, if you have a calf cramp, lift your leg and pull the tip of your foot upwards (pull the tip of the foot towards you). Once this exercise is complete, try walking on the heels for a few minutes.
3- Gently massage the painful muscle by slowly extending the limb
This massage would be very beneficial with the use of muscle relaxants (drugs to relax contracted muscles) in the form of cream, balm or ointment.
4- Drink mineralized water (rich in magnesium) and sweet
Ions promote exchanges in muscle tissue.
5- Apply warm compresses
Putting warm compresses on the contracted muscle will favor its relaxation.