King Hannibal is said to be the world’s greatest military leader and strategist all the time. Born in 247 B.C., he accompanied his father, Hamilclar, in a battle against the Romans when he was just eight or nine years old. He became supreme commander of the peninsula after succeeding his brother-in-law Hasdrubal in 221 B.C. Hannibal had 80,000 infantry, 12,000 cavalry, and 40 African war elephants. During a lengthy battle against Romans, Hannibal killed many Roman soldiers, and he took his own life rather than surrender when he was overwhelmed by the larger Roman army.
King Mansa Musa
King Mansa Musa was an important Malian king. He ruled from 1312 to 1337 and expanded the Mali influence over the Niger city-states of Timbuktu, Gao, and Djenne. As a master businessman and economist, he gained his wealth from the many important commodities, such as gold, silver, and ivory. He was also a major influence on the University of Timbuktu, which is the world’s first university and the major learning institution for not just in Africa, but the world.
Shaka was the king of the Zulus and he was born in 1787. He was the son of Zulu Chief Senzangakhona and his wife Nandi. He earned the throne around 1818 after the death of his father. Shaka is noted for revolutionizing 19th century Bantu warfare for his strong leadership. He turned a small Zulu tribe into a powerful nation due to his confidence and cunning behavior. The Zulu nation continued to use Shaka’s innovations in wars after his death.
Queen Nzingha was born in West Africa in 1583 and died 1663. She was also known as “Amazon Queen of Matamba.” She had played a great role in the battle history of Africa. She was an astute diplomat and excelled as a military leader. She formed her own army against the Portuguese and waged war for nearly 30 years. Because of her quest for freedom and relentless drive to bring peace to her people, Nzingha remains a glimmering symbol of inspiration.
These are some stories of African kings and queens which inspired African American during their slavery period.