The years of student and teacher
Cheikh Anta Diop was born in 1923 in Caytou (Senegal). He came from an aristocratic family. After attending high school in Dakar, he studied physics in Paris. He also learns the history and the social sciences. He took classes at Gaston Bachelard and Frederic Joliot-Curie and develops his own thought which seeks to refute the obscurantist and hostile analysis of Westerners. One of his favorite themes is the subject of his doctoral thesis at the University of Paris. It says that Egypt was first populated by black Africans before becoming a great civilization. This thesis is the origin of the first book of Cheikh Anta Diop.
In 1960 he obtained his doctorate. He returned to Senegal and became a teacher at the University of Dakar. There he opened a laboratory where he conducts dating of fossils and tests on skin samples from mummies whose results support his theories.
The work of Cheikh Anta Diop
It is one of the first scholars to discuss the genesis of humanity is in Africa. Long before archaeologists confirm this, Cheikh Anta Diop conducts scientific investigations that support this idea. It also shows the major contribution of African cultures to the Arab-Muslim and European companies.
Negroes and Culture Nations – From the ancient Egyptian negro cultural problems of Africa today (1954), he published the first book on this theme creates a disturbance in the international community. Very structured, well-argued and especially full of facts, Cheikh Anta Diop are laying the groundwork for themes that will occupy all his life:
– The origin of men and their migrations,
– Kinship ancient Egypt and Black Africa
– The evolution of societies,
– The contribution of Africa to civilization,
– The overall development of Africa,
– Building a planetary civilization.
This last theme claiming instead to be occupied by Africans in the development of the world. One of the underlying themes of all these issues is the denunciation of modern falsification of history.
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international and political struggles Contributions
Cheikh Anta Diop participated in various international working groups, including the UNESCO committee that developed the editorial project General History of Africa (1970-1974). His theories open up many debates that reveal at the time the extent of disagreement within the scientific community.
In 1947 the political commitment of Cheikh Anta Diop reflects its historical theories. He defended Africa’s independence and denounces the French colonization that is harmful to the interests of Africans. In 1960 he published the work which will constitute his political platform. The economic and cultural foundations of a future federal state in Black Africa. It represents the most legitimate opposition to the regime of Leopold Sedar Senghor.
Cheikh Anta Diop died in his sleep at the age of 63. In her memory, a mausoleum was built in his hometown. This monument is inscribed on the list of classified sites and monuments of Senegal. In 1987, a year after his death, the University of Dakar where he taught was renamed Cheikh Anta Diop University.
The news of these themes
Those who had doubts or disputed the evidence adduced by Cheikh Anta Diop had confirmation of this reality with anthropologists discoveries. To survive, the melanin pigment color of the skin and the hair. In 2007, paleontologists from the University of Cambridge have demonstrated that man was born there over 100 000 years ago, in Africa, in the Rift Valley. Other studies by experts have proved that black Africa was the source of many human progress.