Located in central Africa, Burundi measures a total of 27,830 km² and shares its border with Rwanda, Tanzania and the DRC. In addition to being one of the smallest countries on the African continent, it is also one of the poorest in the world. Indeed, 80% of the population lives below the poverty line.
Bordering Burundi, Rwanda is the most landlocked country in Africa. Despite its surface area of 26,798 km², Rwanda has more than 11 million inhabitants, ie more than 410 inhabitants per km².
It is one of the largest densities in Africa and the world.
Djibouti, with its 23,200 square kilometers of land, is in eighth place. Located in the “Horn of Africa”, it has more than 850,000 inhabitants. On the economy side, Djibouti is one of the countries which have always positive annual economic growth with a growth of 5 to 6% per year and an average annual income of 3351 dollars per person.
In seventh place, Swaziland. This country only measures 17,364 km². Neighboring South Africa, Swaziland is one of those rare countries that still have an absolute monarchy. Unfortunately, Swaziland is one of the countries most affected by HIV / AIDS.
In the sixth place, the Gambia with an area of 10,380 km². Located in the north-west of Africa, it shares its borders with Senegal. It has more than 1,900,000 inhabitants living well below the poverty line. This makes it one of the poorest countries on the African continent and the world.
In the fifth place, we have Cape Verde with only 4,033 square kilometers of land for 525,000 inhabitants. Although one of the smallest African countries, it is the continent’s largest island nation. In terms of economy, it is one of the African countries with the most significant growth. So it is one of the countries that uses the most renewable energy in the world.
Comoros is an archipelago located between Madagascar and Mozambique. The country currently has 800,000 inhabitants spread over an area of 2,235 km². More than 50% of its population lives on less than $ 1.25 a day, making it one of the poorest countries in the world.
Mauritius is in the third place with 2,040 square kilometers of land with 1,350,000 inhabitants. The latter live on average income of $ 18,728 per capita per year. It is also an island nation. In the heart of the Indian Ocean, it is 1000 km east of Madagascar and 2000 km from the African coasts.
It is one of the richest countries in Africa with an economy developed through the tourism industry.
Sao Tome and Principe
In second place, we find one of the smallest islands in the world. With its 964 km², Sao Tome and Principe is the smallest island on the continent. The country is also part of the continent’s island nations with 190,000 inhabitants. Currently, the country is known for its wealth in oil resources.
The Seychelles are in the first place with 451 km². Composed of 115 small islands, the country has the highest GDP in Africa for only 92,000 inhabitants.