Egypt has the most powerful military in Africa, followed by Algeria, Ethiopia, Nigeria and South Africa according to an index that has just been released by the Global Firepower (GFP) that measures a government’s military …
Out of 20 African countries the GFP has been able to determine that Egypt as the leading country in Africa in military power and 12th out of 126 countries in the world. Egypt has the manpower, equipment which covers the air, land, naval power and the petroleum to sustain its army among other factors. Second in line is Algeria, followed by Ethiopia, Nigeria and South Africa.
Algeria is a country consisting of 48 provinces and 1541 communes. It is the 33rd most populated country on earth with a population of 39.21 million. More than 20 million people make up the manpower and over 17 million citizens are within the active service year. Algerian military is made up of modern army, navy and air force. The country is largely financed by oil and Sonatrach, the national oil company, is the largest company in Africa generating revenues in excess of $76.1bn and employing over 120,000 people in 2012.
Algeria has the second largest army in Africa and in the Arab World, after Egypt, and has Russia and China as her strategic allies and arms furnisher. 672,993 individuals reach the military age annually. There are over 500,000 active front-line and 400,000 reserve personnel. Algeria is equipped with more than a thousand tanks, 1800 armoured fighting vehicles, over 400 air crafts, 188 helicopters, 6 submarines. With a defense budget of over $10.5 bn, Algeria will continue to be among the African countries with the best military strength.
Located at the shores of West Africa is the country that is home to a staggering 170 million people. With the available manpower of over 72 million people, there are more than 40 million people who are fit for service with 3.5 million people reaching the military service year every year. Nigeria has 363 tanks, 680 towed-artillery and more than 1,400 armoured fighting vehicles. Nigeria has 96 total air crafts and 36 helicopters, 51 coastal defence crafts and 2 mine warfare. The large population is kept safe with a yearly budget of over $2.3 bn.
5. SOUTH AFRICA
Republic of South Africa, is an African country located at the southern tip of the continent. South Africa is the 25th largest country in the world by area and the 24th most populous country with over 54 million people. When it comes to military power, South Africa has got what it takes to be among the top countries in Africa strong enough to be recognised. Half of South Africa’s population are within the manpower class; 14 million are fit for service and almost a million people (964,139) are getting to military age annually. South Africa has 88,000 active front-line and 17,000 active reserve personnel. On military equipment, South Africa has 191 tanks and 1430 armoured fighting vehicles, 118 self-propelled guns, 240 rocket projectors and 213 total number of air crafts. 4 frigates and 3 submarines keep the shores safe and there is over $4.6 bn spent on defence every year.
Angola is the 6th largest country in Africa with a population of over 21 million and is located at the southern Africa. There are three components of Angolan military: the Army, Navy and Air Force and all of these have a combined manpower in excess of 100,000 divided into 87,000 active front-line personnel and 30,000 active reserve personnel.
Angola has 140 tanks, 980 armoured fighting vehicles, 298 towed-artillery, 270 total number of aircraft, 98 helicopters with, 15 attack helicopters, 82 fighters/ interceptors. The country’s naval strength is boosted with 30 coastal defence crafts and 2 mine warfare and with a defence budget of over $4 bn, Angola is sure to continue to see a strong military growth.
There are about 17 million available manpower with over 14 million people fit for service, 195,000 people in active front-line service and 150,000 in active reserve. Morocco has 1,348 tanks, 2,120 armoured fighting vehicles, 323 total aircraft, 139 helicopters, 70 coastal defence craft and spends over $3.4 bn in defence budget.
South Sudan is ranked as the eight most powerful military in Africa as its sister country Sudan is ranked 8th, Kenya 11th, and Uganda 16th. According to Global Firepower, South Sudan has an active arms stockpile of 110 battle tanks, 250 armoured fighting vehicles, 25 self-propelled guns, 25 towed artillery, 15 multi-launch rocket system, 9 helicopters and 210,000 active soldiers.
South Sudan military budget stands at $ 545,000,000 making it the second highest military budget in East Africa after Kenya recently increased its military spending to $ 595,000,000.
The 2011 Libya revolution has placed question marks on the military capabilities of a country with population of just over 6 million. Almost 3 million citizens are fit for service and just about 116,000 people reach service age each year but these small numbers correlate quite oppositely to the artillery and ammunition the country boasts of when compared with other African countries.
Libya boasts of 500 tanks, 2,500 armored fighting vehicles, 400 self propelled guns, 800 rocket projectors, 1050 potable AT weapons, over 600 air crafts and 121 helicopters and $880 million pumped in to defense every year.
Below are the remaining countries on the list
10. Democratic Republic of the Congo
18. South Sudan