There have been only ten black senators elected and appointed throughout the history of the United States. In the old federal government, African-Americans were considered as second-class citizens and no black person has served the federal government before the Fifteenth Amendment was established. The Fifteenth Amendment states that no citizen shall be denied the right to vote due to his race or color.
This paved way for black people to be elected or appointed to a senate seat. Here is a list of the 10 African-American US senators that have dutifully served the American people.
- Hiram Rhodes Revels (Mississippi) – He was elected to the Senate in 1870 to represent the state of Mississippi. Revels pushed for the equality and reinstatement of African-American legislators who were illegally stripped off from their positions.
- Blanch Kelso Bruce (Mississippi) – In 1874, Bruce was also elected to the Senate and was later on assigned as the Register of the Treaty where he served until he passed away in 1898.
- Edward William Brooke III (Massachusetts) – In 1950, he did not win the vote for House of Representative until 1966. On his third try, he was elected to the Congress and served two terms.
- Carol Moseley Braun (Illinois) – She holds the record as the first African-American woman elected to Congress. In 2004, she tried for the presidential seat but was unsuccessful.
- Barrack Obama (Illinois) – He was elected by Illinois as the city’s representative to the Congress in 2005. Three years later, he became the first African-American to senator to be elected as president of the US.
- Roland Burris (Illinois) – Burris was appointed to fill-up the Senate position left by President Barrack Obama. He was also the first African-American elected to statewide office.
- Tim Scott (South Carolina) – He was appointed by the governor to fill-up a seat vacated by Jim DeMint when he resigned.
- Mo Cowan (Massachusetts) – Cowan was also appointed to fill-up the position of the remaining term of John Kerry.
- Cory Booker (New Jersey) – Booker won the spot in a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg. He is the first black politician to be elected since Obama.
- Kamala Harris (California) – Harris was elected as Senator in 2016 and is the second African-American woman to serve in the US Senate.