According to updated data from the World Health Organization (WHO), the National Institute for Health Surveillance (INVS) and the International Diabetes Federation (FID), 5.1 million people are diabetic (8% population). And in the world, 1 person dies every 7 seconds because of diabetes!
These frightening figures will certainly challenge you and make you pay more attention to your health. If you notice these 5 symptoms and you are obese and inactive, monitor your blood glucose level to prevent diabetes.
What is diabetes ?
Diabetes is a metabolic disorder in which blood glucose levels remain high because cells can not absorb glucose either because of low insulin production or the inability of insulin to promote glucose uptake . Depending on these factors that lead to high blood glucose, diabetes can be classified as type 1 and type 2.
Type 1: Type 1
diabetes affects approximately 5-10% of the diabetic population, especially those under 30 years of age. In this chronic autoimmune disease, often hereditary, the immune system of the body destroys the beta cells responsible for producing insulin. As a result, it is necessary to take daily doses of insulin.
Type 2: Type 2 diabetes is much more common. It affects about 90% of diabetics and causes symptoms in people over 40 years of age. This type of diabetes is characterized by a state of insulin resistance during which certain organs block the entry of insulin. This encourages the body to produce a larger amount of insulin in order to maintain a stable blood glucose level. Over the years, the pancreas becomes unable to produce a sufficient amount of insulin leading to an insulin-deficiency.
Symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are similar because both types of diabetes are characterized by hyperglycaemia (high blood sugar levels). The only difference is that symptoms appear rapidly in the case of type 1 diabetes, whereas they manifest only after years in case of type 2 diabetes.
What are the main symptoms of diabetes not to be missed?
1. Frequent urination:
This need arises because the body’s cells can not absorb glucose, and the kidneys try to eliminate as much glucose as possible. As a result, you evacuate more than 5 liters of urine per day.
The loss of water due to frequent urination prompts you to consume a large amount of water to compensate for the loss of fluid.
Since cells can not absorb glucose, they can not produce energy, which makes you tired.
4. Weight loss:
When the body can not burn glucose, it begins to burn its fat reserve and muscles, causing weight loss and loss of muscle mass.
5. Genital irritation:
The high glucose content in the urine makes the genital area more susceptible to developing infections, resulting in itching and swelling.
How to manage diabetes on a daily basis?
Diabetes is not curable, but it is certainly manageable. While Type 2 can be managed by a good diet low in glucose and fat, and regular physical activity as well as medications. Type 1 can be managed with regular insulin injections.