Sleep paralysis is an impermanent powerlessness to move or talk that happens when you’re awakening or, less regularly, nodding off.
Despite the fact that you’re alert, your body is quickly deadened, after which you can move and talk as typical.
The paralysis can last from a couple of moments to a few minutes.
Rest paralysis doesn’t cause you any damage, however being not able move can be extremely terrifying.
A few people have rest loss of motion a few times throughout their life, while others encounter it a couple of times each month or all the more routinely.
Rest loss of motion can influence individuals of any age, however it’s more typical in youngsters and youthful grown-ups. Men and ladies are similarly influenced
The paralysis usually occurs as you’re waking up, but it can also sometimes happen when you’re falling asleep.
Not being able to move or talk can be very frightening, particularly as you’ll be completely conscious throughout the experience. Your breathing may also feel restricted, because taking deep breaths is often difficult.
During an episode of sleep paralysis, you may also experience a very real sensation that there’s someone else in the room with you.
These type of hallucinations are a fairly common feature of sleep paralysis, although they don’t occur in every case.
The length of time that you’re unable to move for can vary from a few seconds to several minutes. After this, you’ll be able to move and speak as normal.
Immediately after an episode of sleep paralysis, you may feel unsettled and anxious. However, the condition doesn’t pose a risk to your overall health.
Many people only experience sleep paralysis once or twice in their life. If it happens several times a month or more regularly, it’s known as isolated sleep paralysis.
CAUSES OF SLEEP PARALYSIS
Sleep paralysis is caused when parts of the rapid eye movement (REM) state of sleep persist or intrude into wakefulness.
This means that you remain temporarily paralyzed, but are fully conscious.
Sleep occurs in cycles and each cycle is split into two phases – REM sleep and non-REM sleep.
The brain is very active in REM sleep and most dreams occur during this stage. The body is paralyzed, apart from the movement of the eyes and diaphragm (the muscle used in breathing). The paralysis is thought to occur to prevent you acting out the actions in your dreams and potentially causing injury.
Sleep paralysis occurs when the normal muscular paralysis of REM sleep temporarily continues after you’ve woken up.
Certain factors make you more likely to get sleep paralysis. They include:
- age – it’s more common in teenagers and young adults
- sleep deprivation – sleep paralysis is more common in people who don’t get enough sleep
- irregular sleeping patterns – people with irregular working patterns, such as those who work shifts, are more prone to sleep paralysis
- narcolepsy – some people with narcolepsy (where you’re unable to stay alert for long periods and sleep is disrupted) may also experience sleep paralysis
- family history – you may be more likely to have sleep paralysis if another member of your family also has it; however, further research is needed
Treating sleep paralysis
Ensuring you get enough sleep and improving your sleeping environment will help if you have sleep paralysis. In severe cases, medication may be recommended.