1. Elbert Frank Cox
Elbert Frank Cox was the first African-American to receive a Ph.D. in mathematics. He spent most of his life as a professor at Howard University in Washington, D.C.
2. J. Ernest Wilkins
3. Martha Euphemia Haynes
Martha Euphemia Haynes was the first African-American woman to earn a Ph.D. in mathematics. She obtained her doctoral degree from The Catholic University in Washington, D.C., in 1943. Her dissertation focused on “The Determination of Sets of Independent Conditions Characterizing Certain Special Cases of Symmetric Correspondences.”
4. Marjorie Browne
Marjorie Browne was among the first few women to earn a Ph.D. in mathematics. She obtained her B.S. in mathematics from Howard University in 1935, followed by her M.S. in mathematics from the University of Michigan in 1939.
5. Charles Lee Reason
Charles Lewis Reason was a child prodigy mathematician who hit the news headlines in 1832 when he became an instructor at the African Free School. Reason was also very active in politics and worked unceasingly towards various causes, including the improvement of black civil rights.