62% of Cameroonians paid a bribe in the last year. Of the respondents, 81% felt that the judiciary is very corrupt, and 71% felt that corruption was rife in academic institutions. More disappointing is that 46% of the respondents feel that corruption has increased over the last 2 years; only 30% felt that corruption had decreased.
62% of Mozambican respondents said either they or someone in their household paid a bribe at some point over the last year. 79% of the respondents felt that the education sector was highly corrupt (only the police were thought more corrupt). The Ministry of Education has been mired in multiple scandals such as diversion of funds and corrupt admission to schools. The report is however encouraging in that 64% of the respondents believe ordinary citizens can make an impact in the fight against corruption.
62% of Zimbabwe respondents said they paid bribes over the last year. 77% of Zimbabweans think corruption has increased over the last 2 years, which Zimbabwe Independent attributesto rising poverty and hardship. 65% of the respondents said they they thought the health sector was highly corrupt. A 151-page government report released earlier this yearshows that government hospitals are highly corrupt. The TI report notes, for example, that women giving birth in a local hospital have been charged US$5 every time they scream as a penalty for raising a false alarm.
62% of Libya’s respondents said they had paid a bribe over the last year, mainly because it was the only way to obtain a service. A discouraging 71% of the respondents said they wouldn’t report an incident of corruption because they are afraid of the consequences; a press releasefrom Amnesty International indicates that a newspaper editor was detained and faces up to 15 years in prison for publishing a list of 84 allegedly corrupt judges.
74% of the Kenyan respondents said they had paid bribes to access government services. Also, 95% said they felt that the police were very corrupt. Asked why they paid the bribes, 56% said they did so to get faster services, while 36% paid bribes because they would otherwise not obtain the service. A 2012 World Bank reportindicates that 12% of the funds allocated for public procurement (enough to create 250,000 jobs annually) went to bribes.
75% of Liberians stated that the had paid a bribe to access government services. In addition, 96% said that Parliament was very corrupt and 94% felt the police were extremely corrupt. Deputy Police Director for Administration Rose Stryker has attributedpolice corruption to low salaries. President Johnson Sirleaf recently dismissed some top members of her administration for corruption.
1. Sierra Leone
Among all the countries whose citizens were polled, Sierra Leone has the highest percentage of respondents (84%) who said they had paid a bribe in order to get government services. 79% of the respondents consider the police as corrupt, while 74% consider the judiciary as corrupt. Richard Konteh, President Ernest Bai Koroma’s chief of staff, dismissed the report saying TI misunderstands Sierra Leone’s cultural practice of giving chiefs kola in appreciation for their services. This 2011 investigation by Al Jazeera shows alleged collusion of top government officials in corrupt and illegal export of natural resources like timber.