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All You Need To Know About ‘Monkey Pox’.. Already In West Africa, Spreading Across Africa

Monkey Pox is a viral disease that mutated from the chicken pox and small pox viruses. The first case of Monkey pox was diagnosed in the Democratic Republic of Congo and it subsequently spread to the rest of West Africa. The Monkey pox virus has two different strains: the Central African and the West African.

The West African strain is milder than small pox and the Central African strain and has no recorded deaths resulting from it. Monkey pox has an incubation period and it is also self-limiting in the sense that within two to four weeks, you get healed and it confers you with immunity for life, just like chicken pox.

SYMPTOMS TO LOOK OUT FOR

The illness begins with:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Muscle aches
  • Backache
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Chills
  • Exhaustion

Within 1 to 3 days (sometimes longer) after the appearance of fever, the patient develops a rash, often beginning on the face then spreading to other parts of the body.

Lesions progress through the following stages before falling off:

  • Macules
  • Papules
  • Vesicles
  • Pustules
  • Scabs

The illness typically lasts for 2−4 weeks. In Africa, monkeypox has been shown to cause death in as many as 1 in 10 persons who contract the disease.

The Monkey-pox virus was first seen in monkeys, but can also be found in all bush animals such as rats, squirrels and antelopes. Secretions from dead animals are particularly dangerous and highly contagious. According to the commissioner, the index case in Bayelsa originated from Agbura, the victim had reportedly killed and eaten a monkey.

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