In the whole wide world, Africa has some of the most unique and colourful flags depicting each country’s history and diversity. Just as beautiful as the flags are, so also is what each color in the flags symbolizes great meaning.
Our pick of the top 10 most beautiful national flags in Africa and their meanings for 2016/2017 is as follows:
10) Flag of Mozambique
Adopted on 1 May 1983, the Mozambican flag is based on the flag of the main political party in Mozambique, Mozambican Liberation Front (FRELIMO). It feature an AK-47 with a bayonet attached to the barrel and a modern rifle, making it the only national flag in the world to have such feature.
Symbolism: The green colour stands for the riches of the land, the white fimbriations signify peace, blacks stands for the African continent, yellow symbolizes the country’s minerals, and red represents the struggle for independence. The rifle represent defence and vigilance, the open book symbolizes the importance of education, the hoe represents the nation’s agriculture, and the star symbolizes Marxism and internationalism.
9) Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
The DRC flag was adopted on 20 February 2006. It include a sky blue flag, adorned with a yellow star in the upper left canton and cut diagonally by a red stripe with a thin yellow frame. The flag is based on the original flag used by King Leopold’s Association Internationale Africaine.
Symbolism: The sky blue represents peace, the red stands for “the blood of the nation’s martyrs, yellow for the nation’s wealth; and the star for the country’s radiant future.
8) Flag of Burundi
After independence from Belgium this Burundian flag was adopted on June 28, 1967. It include a white saltire which divides the field into alternating red and green areas. The center of the saltire join into a white disk with three red solid six-pointed stars outlined in green.
Symbolism: The cross white stands for peace, the green represents the country’s hopes and red stands for the suffering of the nation during its freedom struggle. The three stars in triangular stand for the three major ethnic groups of Burundi: the Hutu, the Twa and the Tutsi.
7) Flag of Uganda
This flag became the nation’s official flag on the day of independent from the United Kingdom; 9 October 1962. It include six equal horizontal bands of black , yellow, red, black, yellow, and red; a white disc at the centre and a grey crowned crane, facing the hoist side.
Symbolism: The black color stands for African peoples, yellow for Africa’s sunshine, and red for the colour of blood, through which all Africans are connected. The grey crowned crane is fabled for its gentle nature and the raised leg of the crane symbolizes the forward movement of the nation.
6) Flag of Liberia
The Liberian flag looks similar to the flag of the United States of America. The flag was adopted on April 26, 1847.
Symbolism: The 11 stripes represent the signatories of the Liberian Declaration of Independence, red and white stands for courage and moral excellence. The white star is symbolizing the freedom of the ex-slaves of America and above the blue square is the African mainland.
5) Flag of Swaziland
The Swazi flag was adopted on October 6, 1968 after the nation gained independence from United Kingdom. Base on the flag King Sobhuza II gave the Swazi Pioneer Corps in 1941.
Symbolism: Its colours symbolizes the white and black people live in peaceful coexistence in Swaziland. The red stands for past battles, the blue for peace and stability, and the yellow for the resources of the nation. The central shield and two spears stands for protection from the country’s enemies.
4) Flag of Rwanda
This unique flag was adopted on October 25, 2001. The flag is compose of four colours: blue, green, and two forms of yellow.
Symbolism: The blue band stands for happiness and peace, the yellow band for economic development, and the green symbolizes the hope of prosperity. The sun stands for enlightenment.
3) Flag of Kenya
The Kenyan flag was adopted on December 12, 1963. It is based on Kenya African National Union flag.
Symbolism: The color black stands for the people of the Republic of Kenya, the red for the blood shed during the fight for independence, green for the nation’s landscape and the white fimbriation was later added to symbolize peace and honesty. The black, red, and white traditional Maasai shield and two spears is defending the symbolism of the flag.
2) Flag of South Africa
This flag was adopted on 27 April 1994, during South Africa’s 1994 general election, to replace the 1928 flag. Three of the colours: black, green and yellow – are found in the banner of the African National Congress.
1) Flag of Cape Verde
The Cape Verdean flag is one of the most unique flags in Africa. It was adopted on September 22, 1992, replacing the flag used during Cape Verdean independence.
Symbolism: The flag’s 10 stars represent the main islands of the nation located off the coast of West Africa. The blue stands for the ocean and the sky. The band of white and red represents the road toward the construction of the nation, and the white and red colours represent peace.